CONNECTING OUR NATION: A musical celebration of the Transcontinental Railroad
Zhou Tian, a Grammy-nominated composer, created a work that premiered at the Reno Phil’s Classix season finale in April 2019, Requiem. Zhou recently provided the following program note on the piece:
About 18 months ago, I was extremely delighted to have been invited to compose a new work commemorating the 150th anniversary of the First Transcontinental Railroad’s completion in May 2019. When I learned that 13 American orchestras — located along the route of the Railroad — would join forces together to commission and premiere this new work across the country, I was truly honored, as I knew the significant cultural impact this project would entail.
Begun in 1862 and completed in 1869, the Transcontinental Railroad effectively linked the US from east to west for the first time. Its cultural heritage includes the contribution of a thousands-strong Chinese and Irish workforce who toiled in severe weather and cruel working conditions. Numerous “hell on wheels” towns proliferated along the construction route and became famous for rapid growth and infamous for lawlessness. As the settlements pushed westward, there was a mixing of ethnic groups and cultures. Unfortunately, as the daunting task of laying tracks over difficult terrain increased, many workers perished, and many of the rest were denied the American dream by the enactment of the Chinese Exclusion Act in 1882. But those who stayed brought traditional art and music into the fabric of American culture.
As a Chinese-born composer who immigrated to this country, educated at the nation’s top music schools, and now serving at one of its finest institutions, I was moved to create this new work to tell a musical story, to convey a sense of spiritual perseverance, and to pay tribute to my own cultural heritage.
Transcend is consisted of 3 movements, each conveys a feeling that is at once personal as well as general, which, to me, is the key of the Transcontinental Railroad — behind the magnificent constructions and promises, it was the sacrifices of tens of thousands of workers and their families who made it work. In this piece, the epic and intimate passages go hand-in-hand in evoking the darkness and lightness, as if going through tunnels on a fast train.
The first movement, “Pulse,” starts with serene strings that remind me of the expansive desert of Utah and Nevada I visited. The music grows patiently and eventually bursts into a constant pulse of 152 BPM. The odd meters and violent poundings evoke the tension and suspense of man versus nature.
“Promise,” a meditative second movement, is a vocalise for those who sought for a better future. Lyrical woodwind solos, dashing flute and harp, and plush strings are met with folksy Chinese tunes and dark harmonies.
The finale, “D-O-N-E,” is based on the rhythm of the word “done” in Morse code. This single word was sent across the United States via one of the first nationwide telegraphs, when the Railroad was completed in 1869. (A quick shout-out to Raleigh, a railroad worker of 30 years in Omaha, for giving me the true story that inspired this movement!) Throughout the finale, “done” is passed back and forth to numerous instruments in the orchestra. An accumulation of materials sends the piece to a climax at the end.
Transcend was commissioned by the Reno Philharmonic in partnership with Utah Symphony, Omaha Symphony, Sacramento Philharmonic and Opera, Boise Philharmonic, Arapahoe Philharmonic, Central Wisconsin Symphony, Cheyenne Symphony, Chicago Youth Symphony Orchestras, Evanston Symphony, Idaho State-Civic Symphony, Michigan State University and Stanford University. My deepest gratitude goes to Laura Jackson, Music Director of the Reno Philharmonic, without whose passion, courage, and musical genius the project would not have been possible. I want to sincerely thank all commissioning partners and the many kind and enthusiastic men and women who offered insights and personal stories during my yearlong research and travel on this piece. As a composer, this has been truly an inspiring journey.
Participating Orchestras & Performance Dates
1. Reno Phil, World Premiere Performance April 27 & 28
2. Utah Symphony & Opera, May 17-18, 2019
3. Omaha Symphony, September 20-21, 2019
4. Michigan State University Symphony, October 25, 2020
5. Arapahoe Philharmonic, November 1, 2019
6. Sacramento Philharmonic & Opera, February 1, 2020
9. Boise Philharmonic, October 18-19, 2019
10. Cheyenne Symphony, October 12, 2019
11. Idaho State-Civic Symphony, September 20, 2019
12. Stanford Symphony Orchestra, November 15 & 17, 2019
About Composer in Residence
Zhou Tian [JOH TEE-en]
Nominee of the 2018 GRAMMY Award for Best Contemporary Classical Composition, Chinese-American composer Zhou Tian(JOH TEE-en; Zhou is his last name) writes music that is described as “absolutely beautiful” and “utterly satisfying” (Fanfare), and “a prime example of 21st-century global multiculturalism.” Born in 1981, Zhou came of age in a new China marked by economic reforms, and was in the United States by his 20th birthday. Trained at Philadelphia’s Curtis Institute of Music, New York’s Juilliard School and the University of Southern California, he studied with some of America’s finest composers, such as Jennifer Higdon and Christopher Rouse. His music has been performed by leading orchestras and performers in the United States and abroad, such as the Pittsburgh Symphony, Hong Kong Philharmonic, pianist Yuja Wang, and the Empire Brass. His recent works include the Grammy-nominated Concerto for Orchestra, premiered by the Cincinnati Symphony and Louis Langrée; The Grand Canal, performed during a nationally televised concert of the 60th anniversary of the founding of the People’s Republic of China; Petals of Fire, premiered at 2017 CBDNA National Convention; and Cello Concerto, premiered by Deutsche Grammophon Artist Jian Wang. He taught at Colgate University since 2011 and is currently on faculty at Michigan State University College of Music. Visit ZhouTianMusic.com for more.